Tigers

tiger-map

Diet

Carnivore – sambar deer wild pig, chital, gaur, water buffalo, common langur, monkey

Habitat

Tropical, evergreen, and temperate forest; mangrove swap; savanna; grassland

Lifespan

Average 8-10 years in the wild; possible to live up to 20+ years in captivity (average unknown)

Weight

Male 220-700 lbs; female 165-570 lbs

Population

Estimated 3,200 individuals

Subspecies

Amur, Bali (extinct), Bengal, Caspian (extinct), Indochinese, Javan (extinct), Malayan, South China (extinct in the wild), Sumatran

Threats

Habitat loss and fragmentation, illegal logging and commercial plantations, poaching for traditional Chinese medicine increased human population and development


Lions

lion-map

Diet

Carnivore – zebra, wildbeast, buffalo, eland, elephant, giraffe, kudu, warthog, chital

Habitat

Grassy plains, open woodlands, dry thorn forest

Lifespan

Average 10-14 years in the wild; possible to live up to 20+ years in captivity (average unknown)

Weight

Male 330-500 lbs; female 265-400 lbs

Population

Estimated 20,000 individuals – 43% decline in the past 21 years

Subspecies

African, Asiatic

Threats

Habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching for trophies, ritualistic killings, increased human population and development


Leopard

leopard-map

Diet

Carnivore – 90+ species from arthropods to large antelope

Habitat

Extremely diverse, including tropical rainforest, temperate deciduous forest, alpine coniferous forest, woodlands, grasslands savanna, mountain habitats, desert, etc.

Lifespan

Unknown in the wild; possible to live up to 25+ years in captivity (average unknown)

Weight

Male 44-198 lbs; female 46-138 lbs

Population

Numbers unknown but declining

Subspecies

African, Amur, Arabian, Indian, Indochinese, Javan, North China, Sri Lankan, Persian

Threats

Habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting for trade and pest control, increased human population and development


Puma

tiger-map

Diet

Carnivore – arthropods to large ungulates, including deer, feral pigs, raccoons, armadillos, etc.

Habitat

All forest types, lowland and montane desert

Lifespan

Up to 16 years in the wild (average unknown); possible to live up to 20+ years in captivity (average unknown)

Weight

Male 116-159 lbs; female 75-106 lbs

Population

Numbers unknown but declining

Subspecies

Eastern South American, Central American, Central South American, North American, Northern South American, Southern South American

Threats

Habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching of prey, retaliatory killings, increased human population and development